Politicians made noises about putting the subway system's largely unaccountable 182-<\h>officer force under the supervision of a civilian review board.
Apparently unswayed by reason, BART officials did absolutely nothing, and eventually the public discontent tapered off. Crabtree remained on active duty until his own inglorious demise a few years later: the officer was found hanging from a noose in his home as porno tapes played on the TV.
Interviewed last week, Tom Radulovich, a member of the BART Board of Directors, said he's pushing for more police oversight but at this point doesn't have the votes on the nine-member board to pass any new rules. It may prove especially hard to muster those votes in the fear-<\h>laden post-Sept. 11 climate.
"The concern the [Seward killing] triggers for me is whether we're doing enough to make sure things like this don't happen," Radulovich said.
It could be that David Betancourt really had no choice but to gun down Bruce Seward. Maybe it really was a kill-or-be-killed situation.
There is, however, another, more grim possibility: that the police culture at BART has changed very little in the last nine years. And the majority of the BART board doesn't seem to care.